What are U.S.-Mexico border camps? Why are children being held there?

Children languish in open camps along the route U.S.-Mexico border A federal district court judge ruled late Wednesday that they should be provided with safe and sanitary housing “expeditiously.”

Advocates have been sounding the alarm for months about migrants, including unaccompanied children, suffering hunger, dehydration, injuries and untreated illnesses in outdoor holding areas along the California-Mexico border that lack shelter, Food and sanitation. People report having to wait hours or days at these camps before being seen at immigration processing centers.

The legal challenge on behalf of the children is focused on two camps in San Diego, California, but the judge’s order could have far-reaching consequences for the growing health crisis at the border.

What are these camps? Why build them?

Asylum seekers entering the United States outside of official ports of entry are expected to be inspected by Border Patrol agents at immigration centers, where they undergo medical screenings and background checks before beginning the legal process of claiming asylum.

With processing centers overwhelmed, agents have been sending people, including unaccompanied children, to wait in makeshift camps made up of tents and makeshift shacks made of tarps, rocks and scrap wood. Several such camps have popped up along the border between California and the United States.Mexico, one between two border fences in San Diego; remote mountainous area East of San Diego.

In San Diego’s high desert, nighttime temperatures drop below 30 degrees Fahrenheit, leaving people with few ways to stay warm or shelter from strong winds. Advocacy groups say children are hiding in portable toilets and burning trash to stay warm.

Border Patrol agents, who have allowed volunteers and aid workers access to the sites at their discretion, reported they were treating children with open wounds and broken bones, diarrhea and vomiting, fevers and seizures. tell the guardian They also have elderly and pregnant women with pain and complications.

Hunger and dehydration are also major problems. Lawyers say children in these camps are given just one granola bar a day to survive.

How do families and children access these camps?

Across the United States, growing numbers of young families and unaccompanied children are traveling long distances to the border to seek asylum, many fleeing oppression, violence, poverty or climate disaster.

Typically, children traveling alone must be turned over to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services within 72 hours and placed and cared for until they can be placed with a family member or sponsor in the United States, or until they reach the age of majority . In California, some children have had to wait in camps for hours or even days until their cases were processed.

The government argued that children who have not yet been processed at immigration centers are not in U.S. custody and therefore has no obligation to provide care for them. In a court case devoted to children, Gee disputed that assertion, writing: “Juveniles, unlike adults, are always subject to some form of detention.”

Many children are directed to these locations by Border Patrol agents.migrant Tell NPR said agents instructed them to stay in the camp and advised anyone who left would be deported.

What does this ruling mean for children in immigration border camps?

exist ruling on wednesdayJudge Dolly M Gee of the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California largely sided with advocates representing immigrant children in a class-action lawsuit.

Gee ruled that children in California border camps are actually in the legal custody of the Department of Homeland Security and are entitled to certain rights and protections. She ordered the agency to quickly process the children’s immigration applications and place them in a “safe and secure location.” “Health facilities.

The ruling could prompt U.S. Customs and Border Protection to devote more resources to processing centers overwhelmed by the influx of people.

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